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LEGAL REQUIREMENTS

LEGAL REQUIREMENTS DETAILS - Animal Trailer

BASIC EQUIPMENT REQUIRED ON ALL TRAILERS
DESCRIPTION MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS
AREA EQUIPMENT (SAE LENS CODING) FUNCTIONAL PURPOSE QUANTITY COLOR LOCATION HEIGHT MM (IN.) FROM THE GROUND
1 TAIL LAMPS (T) INDICATE VEHICLE'S PRESENCE AND WIDTH MINIMUM 2 RED ON THE REAR - SYMMETRICAL - AS FAR APART AS PRACTICAL 380-1830 (15-72)
STOP LAMPS (S) INDICATE BRAKING MINIMUM 2 RED ON THE REAR - SYMMETRICAL - AS FAR APART AS PRACTICAL 380-1830 (15-72)
REAR TURN SIGNAL LAMPS (I) INDICATE DIRECTION OF TURN MINIMUM 2 RED OR YELLOW ON THE REAR - SYMMETRICAL - AS FAR APART AS PRACTICAL 380-2110 (15-83)
REAR REFLEX REFLECTORS (A) INDICATE VEHICLE'S PRESENCE AND WIDTH MINIMUM 2 RED ON THE REAR - SYMMETRICAL - AS FAR APART AS PRACTICAL - FACING REARWARD 380-1530 (15 - 60)
2 LICENSE PLATE LAMP(S) (L) ILLUMINATES LICENSE PLATE MINIMUM 2 WHITE ON THE REAR - ABOVE OF A THE SIDES OF LICENSE PLATE NO REQUIREMENT
3 REAR SIDE MARKER LAMPS (P2, PC or P3, PC2*)
*PHOTOMETRICALLY CERTIFIED AT INSTALLATION ANGLE
MINIMUM 2 RED EACH SIDE AT REAR - AS FAR BACK AS PRACTICAL 380-1530 (15 - 60) NO MAX. FOR VEH. UNDER 2.032M(80") WIDE
REAR SIDE REFLEX REFLECTORS (A) MINIMUM 2 RED EACH SIDE AT REAR - AS FAR BACK AS PRACTICAL FACING SIDEWARD 380-1530 (15 - 60)
4A FRONT SIDE MARKER LAMPS (P2, PC OR P3, PC2*)
*PHOTOMETRICALLY CERTIFIED AT INSTALLATION ANGLE
MINIMUM 2 YELLOW EACH SIDE AT FRONT - AS FAR FORWARD AS PRACTICAL 380 (15) MINIMUM
4B FRONT SIDE REFLEX REFLECTORS (A) MINIMUM 2 YELLOW EACH SIDE AT FRONT - AS FAR FORWARD AS PRACTICAL 380-1530
ADDITIONAL EQUIPMENT FOR TRAILERS EXCEEDING THE FOLLOWING PARAMETERS
LENGTH 9.1 M (30 FT.) OR LONGER
DESCRIPTION MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS
AREA EQUIPMENT (SAE LENS CODING) FUNCTIONAL PURPOSE QUANTITY COLOR LOCATION HEIGHT MM (IN.) FROM THE GROUND
5A INTERMEDIATE SIDE MARKET LAMPS (P2 OR P3) INDICATE PRESENCE OF A LONG VEHICLE MINIMUM 2 YELLOW EACH SIDE NEAR CENTER - FACING SIDEWARD 380 (15) MINIMUM
5B INTERMEDIATE SIDE REFLEX REFLECTORS (A) INDICATE PRESENCE OF A LONG VEHICLE MINIMUM 2 YELLOW EACH SIDE NEAR CENTER - FACING SIDEWARD 380-1530 (15-60)
WIDTH 2.032 M (80 IN.) OR WIDER
DESCRIPTION MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS
AREA EQUIPMENT (SAE LENS CODING) FUNCTIONAL PURPOSE QUANTITY COLOR LOCATION HEIGHT MM (IN.) FROM THE GROUND
6 REAR CLEARANCE LAMPS (P2, PC or P3, PC2*)
*PHOTOMETRICALLY CERTIFIED AT INSTALLATION ANGLE
SHOW VEHICLE'S WIDTH - MAY NOT BE COMBINED WITH TAIL LAMPS MINIMUM 2 RED AT WIDEST POINT - SYMMETRICAL - ON THE REAR OR NEAR THE REAR - FACING REARWARD AS HIGH AS PRACTICAL - MAY BE LOWER ONLY IF ID LAMPS ARE AT THE TOP
7 REAR IDENTIFICATION LAMPS (P2 or P3) INDICATE PRESENCE OF A WIDE VEHICLE EXACTLY 3 RED ON THE REAR - CENTER, FACING REARWARD - HORIZONTALLY SPACED 150MM (6 IN.) TO 300MM (12 IN.) APART IN CANADA: AT THE TOP - MAYBE LOWER IF DOOR HEADER NARROWER THAN 25MM. IN USA: AS HIGH AS PRACTICAL
8 FRONT CLEARANCE LAMPS (P2, PC or P3, PC2*)
*PHOTOMETRICALLY CERTIFIED AT INSTALLATION ANGLE
SHOW VEHICLE'S WIDTH MINIMUM 2 YELLOW AT WIDEST POINT - SYMMETRICAL - AS FAR FORWARD AS PRACT ICAL - FACING FORWARD AS HIGH AS PRACTICAL
WIDTH 2.032 M (80 IN.) OR WIDER AND GVWR 4536 KG (10,000 LB.) OR MORE
DESCRIPTION MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS
AREA CONSPICUITY TREATMENT DOT CODING QUANTITY COLOR LOCATION HEIGHT OPTIONS
9 REAR UPPER BODY MARKING EXACTLY 2 PAIRS OF 300MM LONG STRIPS WHITE ON THE REAR UPPER CORNERS - FACING REARWARD AT THE TOP REFLEX REFLECTORS MAY NOT
BE REQUIRED IF THE ARE REPLACED,
IN THEIR REQUIRED LOCATION,
WITH CONSPICUITY TREATMENT --------------------------------------
OPTIONAL IN CANADA REAR LOWER BODY AND SIDE CONSPICUITY TREATME NT MAY ALSO BE SOLID WHITE, SOLID YELLOW, OR WHITE AND YELLOW
10 BUMPER BAR MARKING CONTINUOUS RED/WHITE ON THE REAR BUMPER BAR'S HORIZONTAL ELEMENT - FULL WIDE - FACING REARWARD NO REQUIREMENT
11 REAR LOWER BODY MARKING CONTINUOUS RED/WHITE ON THE REAR - FULL WIDTH OF THE VEHICLE - FACING REARWARD AS HORIZONTAL AS PRACTICAL AND AS CLOSE AS PRACTICAL TO THE RANGE OF 375 TO 1525 MM FROM THE GROUND
12 SIDE MARKING SEE LOCATION RED/WHITE SEE OPTIONS EACH SIDE - FACING SIDEWARD - CONTINUOUS, OR EVENLY SPACED OVER MINIMUM OF 50% OF LENGTH, STARTS AND ENDS AS CLOSE TO THE FRONT AND REAR OF VEHICLE AS PRACTICAL AS HORIZONTAL AS PRACTICAL AND AS CLOSE AS PRACTICAL TO THE RANGE OF 375 TO 1525 MM FROM THE GROUND
Courtesy of www.nhtsa.gov

IMPORTANT NOTE:

Every lamp, reflex reflector, and conspicuity treatment (device) must be permanently attached in the location specified below and must comply with all applicable requirements prescribed for it by FMVSS/CMVSS 108. The face of any device on the front/rear and sides should be, respectively perpendicular and parallel to vehicle centerline, unless it is photometrically certified at installation angle. No part of the vehicle shall prevent any device from meeting its prescribed requirements unless an auxiliary device meeting all prescribed requirements is installed.

In Canada: Manufacturers and importers of vehicles must have the proper certification test records demonstrating compliance of lighting components with all prescribed requirements.


BASIC EQUIPMENT REQUIRED ON ALL TRAILERS
DESCRIPTION
AREA EQUIP (SAE LENS CODING) FUNCT PURPOSE
1 TAIL LAMPS (T) INDICATE VEHICLE'S PRESENCE AND WIDTH
MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS
QTY COLOR LOCATION HEIGHT MM (IN.) FROM THE GROUND
MIN 2 RED ON THE REAR - SYMMETRICAL - AS FAR APART AS PRACTICAL 380-1830 (15-72)

DESCRIPTION
AREA EQUIP (SAE LENS CODING) FUNCT PURPOSE
1 STOP LAMPS (S) INDICATE BRAKING
MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS
QTY COLOR LOCATION HEIGHT MM (IN.) FROM THE GROUND
MIN 2 RED ON THE REAR - SYMMETRICAL - AS FAR APART AS PRACTICAL 380-1830 (15-72)

DESCRIPTION
AREA EQUIP (SAE LENS CODING) FUNCT PURPOSE
1 REAR TURN SIGNAL LAMPS (I) INDICATE DIRECTION OF TURN
MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS
QTY COLOR LOCATION HEIGHT MM (IN.) FROM THE GROUND
MIN 2 RED OR YELLOW ON THE REAR - SYMMETRICAL - AS FAR APART AS PRACTICAL 380-2110 (15-83)

DESCRIPTION
AREA EQUIP (SAE LENS CODING) FUNCT PURPOSE
1 REAR REFLEX REFLECTORS (A) INDICATE VEHICLE'S PRESENCE AND WIDTH
MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS
QTY COLOR LOCATION HEIGHT MM (IN.) FROM THE GROUND
MIN 2 RED ON THE REAR - SYMMETRICAL - AS FAR APART AS PRACTICAL - FACING REARWARD 380-1530 (15 - 60)

DESCRIPTION
AREA EQUIP (SAE LENS CODING) FUNCT PURPOSE
2 LICENSE PLATE LAMP(S) (L) ILLUMINATES LICENSE PLATE
MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS
QTY COLOR LOCATION HEIGHT MM (IN.) FROM THE GROUND
MIN 2 WHITE ON THE REAR - ABOVE OF A THE SIDES OF LICENSE PLATE NO REQUIREMENT

DESCRIPTION
AREA EQUIP (SAE LENS CODING) FUNCT PURPOSE
3 REAR SIDE MARKER LAMPS (P2, PC or P3, PC2*) *PHOTOMETRICALLY CERTIFIED AT INSTALLATION ANGLE
MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS
QTY COLOR LOCATION HEIGHT MM (IN.) FROM THE GROUND
MIN 2 RED EACH SIDE AT REAR - AS FAR BACK AS PRACTICAL 380-1530 (15 - 60) NO MAX. FOR VEH. UNDER 2.032M(80") WIDE

DESCRIPTION
AREA EQUIP (SAE LENS CODING) FUNCT PURPOSE
3 REAR SIDE REFLEX REFLECTORS (A)
MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS
QTY COLOR LOCATION HEIGHT MM (IN.) FROM THE GROUND
MIN 2 RED EACH SIDE AT REAR - AS FAR BACK AS PRACTICAL FACING SIDEWARD 380-1530 (15 - 60)

DESCRIPTION
AREA EQUIP (SAE LENS CODING) FUNCT PURPOSE
4A FRONT SIDE MARKER LAMPS (P2, PC OR P3, PC2*)
*PHOTOMETRICALLY CERTIFIED AT INSTALLATION ANGLE
MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS
QTY COLOR LOCATION HEIGHT MM (IN.) FROM THE GROUND
MIN 2 YELLOW EACH SIDE AT FRONT - AS FAR FORWARD AS PRACTICAL 380 (15) MINIMUM

DESCRIPTION
AREA EQUIP (SAE LENS CODING) FUNCT PURPOSE
4B FRONT SIDE REFLEX REFLECTORS (A)
MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS
QTY COLOR LOCATION HEIGHT MM (IN.) FROM THE GROUND
MIN 2 YELLOW EACH SIDE AT FRONT - AS FAR FORWARD AS PRACTICAL 380-1530

ADDITIONAL EQUIPMENT FOR TRAILERS EXCEEDING THE FOLLOWING PARAMETERS
LENGTH 9.1 M (30 FT.) OR LONGER
DESCRIPTION
AREA EQUIP (SAE LENS CODING) FUNCT PURPOSE
5A INTERMEDIATE SIDE MARKET LAMPS (P2 OR P3) INDICATE PRESENCE OF A LONG VEHICLE
MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS
QTY COLOR LOCATION HEIGHT MM (IN.) FROM THE GROUND
MIN 2 YELLOW EACH SIDE NEAR CENTER - FACING SIDEWARD 380 (15) MINIMUM

DESCRIPTION
AREA EQUIP (SAE LENS CODING) FUNCT PURPOSE
5B INTERMEDIATE SIDE REFLEX REFLECTORS (A) INDICATE PRESENCE OF A LONG VEHICLE
MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS
QTY COLOR LOCATION HEIGHT MM (IN.) FROM THE GROUND
MIN 2 YELLOW EACH SIDE NEAR CENTER - FACING SIDEWARD 380-1530 (15-60)

WIDTH 2.032 M (80 IN.) OR WIDER
DESCRIPTION
AREA EQUIP (SAE LENS CODING) FUNCT PURPOSE
6 REAR CLEARANCE LAMPS (P2, PC or P3, PC2*) *PHOTOMETRICALLY CERTIFIED AT INSTALLATION ANGLE SHOW VEHICLE'S WIDTH - MAY NOT BE COMBINED WITH TAIL LAMPS
MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS
QTY COLOR LOCATION HEIGHT MM (IN.) FROM THE GROUND
MIN 2 RED AT WIDEST POINT - SYMMETRICAL - ON THE REAR OR NEAR THE REAR - FACING REARWARD AS HIGH AS PRACTICAL - MAY BE LOWER ONLY IF ID LAMPS ARE AT THE TOP

DESCRIPTION
AREA EQUIP (SAE LENS CODING) FUNCT PURPOSE
7 REAR IDENTIFICATION LAMPS (P2 or P3) INDICATE PRESENCE OF A WIDE VEHICLE
MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS
QTY COLOR LOCATION HEIGHT MM (IN.) FROM THE GROUND
EXACTLY 3 RED ON THE REAR - CENTER, FACING REARWARD - HORIZONTALLY SPACED 150MM (6 IN.) TO 300MM (12 IN.) APART IN CANADA: AT THE TOP - MAYBE LOWER IF DOOR HEADER NARROWER THAN 25MM. IN USA: AS HIGH AS PRACTICAL

DESCRIPTION
AREA EQUIP (SAE LENS CODING) FUNCT PURPOSE
8 FRONT CLEARANCE LAMPS (P2, PC or P3, PC2*)
*PHOTOMETRICALLY CERTIFIED AT INSTALLATION ANGLE
SHOW VEHICLE'S WIDTH
MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS
QTY COLOR LOCATION HEIGHT MM (IN.) FROM THE GROUND
MIN 2 YELLOW AT WIDEST POINT - SYMMETRICAL - AS FAR FORWARD AS PRACT ICAL - FACING FORWARD AS HIGH AS PRACTICAL

WIDTH 2.032 M (80 IN.) OR WIDER AND GVWR 4536 KG (10,000 LB.) OR MORE
DESCRIPTION
AREA CONSPICUITY TREATMENT DOT CODING QTY
9 REAR UPPER BODY MARKING EXACTLY 2 PAIRS OF 300MM LONG STRIPS
MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS
COLOR LOCATION HEIGHT OPTIONS
WHITE ON THE REAR UPPER CORNERS - FACING REARWARD AT THE TOP REFLEX REFLECTORS MAY NOT BE REQUIRED IF THE ARE REPLACED, IN THEIR REQUIRED LOCATION, WITH CONSPICUITY TREATMENT

OPTIONAL IN CANADA REAR LOWER BODY AND SIDE CONSPICUITY TREATME NT MAY ALSO BE SOLID WHITE, SOLID YELLOW, OR WHITE AND YELLOW

DESCRIPTION
AREA CONSPICUITY TREATMENT DOT CODING QTY
10 BUMPER BAR MARKING CONTINUOUS
MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS
COLOR LOCATION HEIGHT OPTIONS
RED/WHITE ON THE REAR BUMPER BAR'S HORIZONTAL ELEMENT - FULL WIDE - FACING REARWARD NO REQUIREMENT REFLEX REFLECTORS MAY NOT BE REQUIRED IF THE ARE REPLACED, IN THEIR REQUIRED LOCATION, WITH CONSPICUITY TREATMENT

OPTIONAL IN CANADA REAR LOWER BODY AND SIDE CONSPICUITY TREATME NT MAY ALSO BE SOLID WHITE, SOLID YELLOW, OR WHITE AND YELLOW

DESCRIPTION
AREA CONSPICUITY TREATMENT DOT CODING QTY
11 REAR LOWER BODY MARKING CONTINUOUS
MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS
COLOR LOCATION HEIGHT OPTIONS
RED/WHITE ON THE REAR - FULL WIDTH OF THE VEHICLE - FACING REARWARD AS HORIZONTAL AS PRACTICAL AND AS CLOSE AS PRACTICAL TO THE RANGE OF 375 TO 1525 MM FROM THE GROUND REFLEX REFLECTORS MAY NOT BE REQUIRED IF THE ARE REPLACED, IN THEIR REQUIRED LOCATION, WITH CONSPICUITY TREATMENT

OPTIONAL IN CANADA REAR LOWER BODY AND SIDE CONSPICUITY TREATME NT MAY ALSO BE SOLID WHITE, SOLID YELLOW, OR WHITE AND YELLOW

DESCRIPTION
AREA CONSPICUITY TREATMENT DOT CODING QTY
12 SIDE MARKING SEE LOCATION
MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS
COLOR LOCATION HEIGHT OPTIONS
RED/WHITE SEE OPTIONS EACH SIDE - FACING SIDEWARD - CONTINUOUS, OR EVENLY SPACED OVER MINIMUM OF 50% OF LENGTH, STARTS AND ENDS AS CLOSE TO THE FRONT AND REAR OF VEHICLE AS PRACTICAL AS HORIZONTAL AS PRACTICAL AND AS CLOSE AS PRACTICAL TO THE RANGE OF 375 TO 1525 MM FROM THE GROUND REFLEX REFLECTORS MAY NOT BE REQUIRED IF THE ARE REPLACED, IN THEIR REQUIRED LOCATION, WITH CONSPICUITY TREATMENT

OPTIONAL IN CANADA REAR LOWER BODY AND SIDE CONSPICUITY TREATME NT MAY ALSO BE SOLID WHITE, SOLID YELLOW, OR WHITE AND YELLOW

Courtesy of www.nhtsa.gov

IMPORTANT NOTE:

Every lamp, reflex reflector, and conspicuity treatment (device) must be permanently attached in the location specified below and must comply with all applicable requirements prescribed for it by FMVSS/CMVSS 108. The face of any device on the front/rear and sides should be, respectively perpendicular and parallel to vehicle centerline, unless it is photometrically certified at installation angle. No part of the vehicle shall prevent any device from meeting its prescribed requirements unless an auxiliary device meeting all prescribed requirements is installed.

In Canada: Manufacturers and importers of vehicles must have the proper certification test records demonstrating compliance of lighting components with all prescribed requirements.

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428 Peyton St., Emporia, KS 66801, USA

TECHNICAL SUPPORT: 800.835.0129
techsupport@hopkinsmfg.com

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